Shared Services: - The Libraries of Fanwood and · Web viewShared Services: Let Libraries Lead the Way A New Joint Library for Fanwood and Scotch Plains Building Program Library Development - [DOC Document] (2024)

Shared Services:Let Libraries Lead the WayA New Joint Library for Fanwood and Scotch PlainsBuilding Program

Library Development SolutionsPrinceton, NJ

February 2009Revised July 2009

Table of Contents Page

Introduction 1An Overview of the Fanwood and Scotch Plains Libraries 2Current Library Space 4The Vision for a New Library 7Community Needs Assessment Results 10Recommendations for Improved Library Space 13Building a Joint Library 17Construction Financing 18Building Program Overview 19

Attachment 33Functional Area Specifications

Fanwood Scotch Plains Joint Library Building Program

IntroductionFanwood and Scotch Plains are considering the establishment of a joint library with a new building to serve the residents of both communities. There are many decisions that must be made prior to constructing a new library. The recommendations and specific steps required to form a joint library are detailed in the April 2009 report, Shared Services: Let Libraries Lead the Way, A New Joint Library for Fanwood and Scotch Plains.

If the two towns agree on forming a joint library and decide that constructing a new library or expanding and renovating the Scotch Plains Public Library is the most appropriate way to deliver library service to the community, then the library boards, directors, and architect will need a building program to guide their decision making. This building program is intended to describe the features and functional specifications for the type of space a new joint library needs in order to serve the residents of Fanwood and Scotch Plains. This program assumes new construction. However, if renovation and expansion is the path ultimately chosen, this program can be easily adapted.

This building program is intended to guide discussion with the project architect and library planners in order to assist in making decisions about the space that will ultimately shape the new library and its services.

Library Development Solutions 1February 2009Revised July 2009

An Overview of the Fanwood & Scotch Plains Libraries

Scotch PlainsWith 14,000 square feet of usable space, the Scotch Plains Public Library is the larger of the two libraries. The library opened in 1967 to serve the residents in the growing township of Scotch Plains. Now open 69 hours per week, the Scotch Plains Public Library is located in the Town’s central business district with free and accessible parking.

The Scotch Plains Public Library offers space that supports library service but it lacks many features found in modern libraries that would allow the library program to grow to meet increased demand for service. In recent years the Board of Trustees has invested significantly in infrastructure repairs such as new energy efficient windows, new heating and cooling systems and roof repairs as well as cosmetic improvements but the library still lacks the space it needs to accommodate a growing collection of library materials, offer programming for adults and children on a wide variety of topics, and accommodate teens and older adults. Planning for a proposed 12,000 square foot addition was put on hold pending discussions about forming a joint library with Fanwood Borough.

FanwoodThe 6,000 square foot Fanwood Memorial Library, open 54 hours per week, was built in 1951. Almost from its inception, the Borough of Fanwood had a public library. The Borough Library grew from a group of literary minded women who began meeting in 1874, calling themselves the Saturday Book Club, and later, the Fanwood Book Club. They met at homes throughout the Borough until 1899 when they donated their collection of 156 books and $26 to the Borough on the condition that they are made available to the public for loan free of charge.

In 1902 when Fanwood voters established a municipal library, the Fanwood Free Public Library was allocated $25 for its first year of operation. The library was located in the rear of the post office until 1928 when it took over the entire space. In 1942 it moved to rent storefront space on South Ave. In 1950, Fanwood voters approved a referendum for the construction of a freestanding library at the current location of North and Tillotson avenues. The library opened to the public on December 16, 1951 and was expanded in 1980, adding additional space on the ground floor and basem*nt levels. Today, the Fanwood Library is located on a small parcel of land in a residential area of the Borough easily accessible by foot or car although parking is limited.

The Fanwood Memorial Library fits well with it surroundings but lacks space to adequately support the current library program. Significant expansion of the building in its current location is impossible; the only way for the library to grow is in a new location.

As noted previously, both library facilities need significant physical improvements and financial investment to deliver the type of 21st century library service now found elsewhere in Union County, the State and region. Specific deficiencies in each library include:

Insufficient space to support library programs for children, teens and adults Lack of space to accommodate the demand for public access computing and

technology instruction Limited space for collection growth

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Lack of dedicated space for pre-teens and teens Inability to accommodate teens and adult comfortably during the after school

hours due to limited seating No quiet space to support individual or group study, job seekers or researchers Lack of space to support continuing education instruction Lack of public meeting space to accommodate requests by community groups Lack of child-friendly space that allows for early literacy activities, parent child

activities and after school study Lack of space to accommodate the public desire for comfortable seating that

makes the library an alternative to home or the book store Lack of space for literacy and ESL instruction and tutoring Aging and energy inefficient buildings

In addition the Fanwood Library is inaccessible to individuals with disabilities and difficult to use for older adults as well as parents who visit the library with children in strollers. Limited parking at the Fanwood Library is also a problem.

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Current Library Space

The Fanwood and Scotch Plains libraries provide service in outdated facilities that are in need of significant investment to upgrade basic building infrastructure, meet requirements for accommodating people with disabilities and to support a modern library service program. Both institutions have done an admirable job of keeping up with improvements needed to provide public access computing and other technology based programs that enhance the library user experience. But both libraries have made as many improvements as possible given the current buildings. The basic fact remains – Fanwood is operating a 6,000 square foot, 57 year old library and Scotch Plains is an 14,000 square foot, 41 year old building.

It is estimated that the minimum cost to remedy the deficiencies noted above would be $6 million for the Scotch Plains Public Library and $1 million for the Fanwood Library.

The two libraries serve a combined population of approximately 30,000 people. During operating hours the libraries offer:

A wide array of programs for children ranging from lap sits for the youngest of children to after school programs for elementary school students

Programs specifically targeted for teens Book discussion programs, lectures, writing workshops, and film series for

adults Hi-speed access to the Internet via 15 public access computers at the Scotch

Plains Public Library and 8 computers at the Fanwood Library Answers to questions either in person, by telephone, live chat or email Access to digital content on the library’s web site and through subscription

databases Access to the combined collections of the Fanwood and Scotch Plains libraries

including a collection of picture books, easy readers, fiction, non-fiction, and paperbacks for children and fiction, non-fiction, large print, audio books, DVDs, videos, and reference materials for adults

Meeting space A safe place for children and teens to gather after school in a welcoming and

nurturing environment Information about the Scotch Plains Public Library’s programs and services on

the library blogs and Facebook

Since 2005, The Fanwood and Scotch Plains Libraries have secured more that $240,000 in funding to support shared services and used Interlocal Shared Services Agreements to:

Share a common online library catalog that facilitates borrowing of library materials by residents of both towns from either library

Transport materials between both libraries so residents can return their items at either location

Save money and effectively maximize the use of existing funds though other cooperative efforts

Forge a collaborative relationship with the joint school system Improve and upgrade both the collections in both libraries, develop shared

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policies, and cooperative programming and staff development activities Support electronic connectivity and to promote public awareness of joint services Develop a joint project to digitize local historical materials and make them

available on the web Develop a program to more effectively deliver library service to the needs of

families of children with autism and other disabilities Initiate joint programming that has attracted more than 11,000 children despite

the fact that there is no dedicated program space for children in either library

Based on this already demonstrated success in sharing library resources, the Borough of Fanwood and the Town of Scotch Plains became interested in examining the feasibility of creating a joint public library in a new shared facility to replace the two existing, aging buildings. The Library Boards in Scotch Plains and Fanwood have recognized the need for a new joint facility, which would more effectively serve the residents of both communities. A modern, library facility would increase the existing combined square footage by at least 50% and would be conveniently located with good walking and driving access for all residents. Building one new library to serve the residents of both towns will achieve economy of scale in providing high-quality library services for all 30,000 residents without duplication of staffing, materials, and the fixed costs associated with building and maintaining two library facilities.

The communities served actively use both libraries. Tables 1 and 2 provide a comparison of key library use indicators for the last five years for each library.

Table 1Scotch Plains Public Library

Library Use Indicators

Indicator 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008Hours open per year 2,828 3,106 3,113 3,311 3,383Cardholders 14,297 12,791 12,566 14,603 16,519Library visits annually n/a 121,181 139,146 153,709 160,930Annual circulation* 130,788 144,286 158,549 179,213 194,307Collection size 80,655 81,587 82,934 83,452 83,573Reference Questions 10,942 9,471 11,049 11,435 14,229Adult program attendance 4,729 4,148 713 1,305 3,538Kids programs attendance

3,011 1,582 2,577 6,622 7,397

Full time staff 14 13 11 12 11FTE’s** 11 10.9 10.4 9.95 14.8

*Includes all material formats, e.g. books, CDs, audio books, DVDs, etc.**FTE’s (full time equivalents) are the number of part time hours prorated to full time basis

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Table 2 Fanwood Memorial Library

Library Use Indicators

Indicator 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Hours open per year 2,584 2,584 2,584 2,584 2,584Cardholders 4,118 3,698 4,540 4,978 5,016Library visits annually 45,056 49,550 51,893 55,005 58,212Annual circulation* 75,733 72,933 59,452 57,213 51,019Collection size 45,815 45,950 46,646 45,907 49,481Reference Questions 3,109 3,385 2,984 3,105 2,455Adult program attendance 688 794 822 1,128 1,339Kids programs attendance 3,497 3,915 4,134 4,536 4,789Full time staff 4 4 4 4 4FTE’s** 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7

* Includes all material formats, e.g. books, CDs, audio books, DVDs, etc**FTE’s (full time equivalents) are the number of part time hours prorated to full time basis

The statistics indicate the success of the Scotch Plains and Fanwood libraries in attracting new users.

The Scotch Plains Public Library had a: 32.8% increase in annual number of visits 2005 to 2008 48.5% increase in the number of items loaned from 2004 to 2008 15.5% increase in the number of cardholders, 2004 to 2008 30% increase in the number of reference questions, 2004 to 2008 145% increase in the number of children attending library programs, 2004 to


The Fanwood Memorial Library statistics indicate a: 29% increase in the number of library visits from 2004 to 2008 21.8% increase in the number of cardholders, 2004 to 2008 95% increase in adult program attendance and 37% increase in children’s

program attendance, 2004 to 2008

These statistics show significant increases in use for both libraries despite the constraints imposed by their current space. The increases can be attributed to the leadership of the two current library directors and their commitment to collaborate in order to improve library service to the residents of both communities. In some ways the libraries are the victims of their own success, but the real story here is that with a modest investment in funding and visionary leadership people respond positively, use the libraries more frequently, and understand that a good public library is a worthwhile community investment.

A Vision for a New Joint LibraryLibrary Development Solutions 6February 2009Revised July 2009

Like many communities both in NJ and the U.S. the library staff in Scotch Plains and Fanwood are trying to delivery 21st century library service in mid-20th century libraries. Library planners in both communities have carefully considered their options for improving on existing facilities and in the end concluded that it would be more cost effective to join efforts to create a 21st century library to serve both communities.

This new building and the services provided would become the center of community life, a community living room where all are welcome to take advantage of the library’s resources. An up-to-date, carefully selected collection of books, movies, audio books and digital content would be readily accessible to all to borrow or use in the library. A welcoming atmosphere that provides space for meetings, casual conversation, or intellectually engaging programs would invite people to explore all the library has to offer and to consider the library as an enjoyable place to spend free time. Tech-savvy staff and up-to-date computer technology would ensure that the residents of Scotch Plains and Fanwood gain the skills needed to be 21st century digital citizens. Children and teens will gather in the library along with their parents in child and teen friendly spaces that inspire a lifetime love of reading and learning.

The Fanwood & Scotch Plains Library User Community

Fanwood Borough and Scotch Plains Township are contiguous communities in Union County. Although they are two distinct communities, in many ways the relationship between the two towns mimics other borough-township communities in New Jersey, which coincidentally happen to be the communities where the other 6 joint libraries operate1. Fanwood sits in the geographic center of Scotch Plains so that residents from the southern part of Scotch Plains must travel through Fanwood in order to reach the other side of town. Fanwood is a transportation hub for commuters to New York City with its easily accessible NJ Transit rail link while Scotch Plains provides easy car access to many points in New Jersey via Route 22 and Interstate 78.

Demographically the two towns are very similar. Table 3 summarizes key demographic characteristics for both towns.

Table 3

1 NJ communities with joint public library service are: Princeton Borough and Princeton Township, Morristown and Morris Township; Chester Borough and Chester Township, Matawan-Aberdeen, Bedminster-Far Hills and Chatham and Chatham TownshipLibrary Development Solutions 7February 2009Revised July 2009

Demographic Detail for Fanwood and Scotch Plains

Fanwood Scotch PlainsSquare Miles 1.34 9.08Population 7,174 22,732Male 47.7% 47.9%Female 51.5% 52.1%Age15 or younger 22.6% 22.0%16-24 7.6% 8.0%25-44 31.3% 31.8%45-64 22.7% 24.0%65+ 14.7% 14.1%Race and EthnicityWhite 88.3% 78.9%African American 5.1% 11.3%Asian 4.4% 7.2%Native American .1% .1%Hispanic/Latino 3.7% 3.9%Educational AttainmentEducational Attainment 25 years+ 4,999 15,911High school graduates 19.9% 20.1%Some college, Associates degree 24.1% 22.3%Bachelor’s degree 32.7% 29.7%Masters, professional, doctorate 18.3% 11.0%School enrollmentPopulation 3 years plus enrolled in school 1,750 5,638Preschool and kindergarten 20.2% 18.0%Grades 1-12 64.7% 63.7%College 15.1% 18.3%IncomeMedian Household Income $85,233 $81,599Per capita income $34,804 $39,913Total housing units 2,615 8,479Owner occupied 90.6 77.5Renter occupied 7.9 21.0

The similar demographics in each community make planning for a single, joint library easier in some ways. The two towns share similar values when it comes to supporting education, recreation and other quality-of-life services. The children who attend school together regularly cross the geographic boundaries of the two towns to attend play dates.

Because of the traffic patterns that regularly take Fanwood residents through Scotch Plains and Scotch Plains through Fanwood residents of each town use both libraries. If a book is unavailable in one location, a customer is likely to drive to the other library to get the book they want. Cooperative planning and a collaborative approach to children’s and adult programming provides opportunities for residents to go to the library which offers an event that is most convenient to their home or one that works best with their

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schedule. Population projections for Union County prepared by the North Jersey Transportation Authority in 2005 indicate the following population growth for Fanwood and Scotch Plains. According to these projections Scotch Plains’ population will grow by 11% between 2000 and 2030 while Fanwood’s population will grow by a more modest 8%.

Table 4Population Projections

Fanwood and Scotch Plains

Town 2000 pop

2005 pop

2010 pop

2015 pop

2020 pop

2025 pop

2030 pop

Fanwood 7170 7180 7210 7340 7560 7800 7800Scotch Plains 22730 22750 22930 23300 23970 24700 25270

Source: North Jersey Transportation Authority, May 23, 2005

As growth continues in both towns it will place an increased burden on both communities to invest in infrastructure improvements to both attract and retain residents. The projected growth bolsters the case for expanded library service.

Community Needs Assessment ResultsLibrary Development Solutions 9February 2009Revised July 2009

To learn more about the community’s support for or against the formation of a joint library to serve Fanwood and Scotch Plains, Library Development Solutions facilitated ten focus group sessions in October and November 2007. This complemented the findings of focus groups that had been conducted for the Scotch Plains Library in May and June 2006 and a user survey conducted during the same time period. The results from these efforts are summarized below.

Scotch Plains Public Library Survey Approximately 850 surveys were mailed town-wide in May 2006 and another 100 were distributed in the library during March and April 2006. A total of 84 surveys, 8.8%, were completed and returned. The majority of respondents were Scotch Plains cardholders between the ages of 46-65 and 66+ who visited the library on a weekly basis. Respondents were asked to provide feedback about the specific library services they use, their satisfaction and dissatisfaction with the library and suggestions for improvements. Key findings included:

Most people come to the library to check out material and then leave Most indicated that they did not access library services remotely via the library

website Many come to the library to read magazines and newspapers, use the

computers, attend art exhibits, look for quiet study space, bring their families to programs or use the meeting rooms

When asked for specific recommendations for improvements respondents suggested more space for computers, additional meeting space, more programs for adults and children, expanded book, DVD, audio book and large print book collections

Staff were complimented for their competence, courtesy, service and helpful attitude

Scotch Plains Public Library Focus GroupsIn May and June 2006 four focus group sessions were facilitated by CAM Consulting Group. Staff, young adults, and two groups of patrons were invited to attend these sessions. The objective was to obtain feedback about library services, the facility, opportunities for fundraising, and collaborative activities. Focus group attendees were characterized as “avid library users” who are comfortable and supportive of the community appeal of the library. Staff was given high marks for their courtesy and helpfulness. Teens indicated their willingness to become more involved in advising and working with the library to develop programs and services that would appeal to their peers. Others spoke about the need for the library to do more to promote its services to increase community awareness about the library and all it has to offer. Many were unfamiliar with the library’s web site but offered helpful suggestions for ways in which the library could improve its use of technology.

On a long term basis the focus groups expressed their desire for expanded library collections, a spacious computer lab, small work tables, comfortable seating, additional meeting rooms, more quiet areas, improved space for children and adults and a larger facility.

Focus Groups to Explore the Joint Library Project

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In October and November 2007 residents from both Fanwood and Scotch Plains were invited to attend focus group sessions to explore the feasibility of establishing a joint library to serve both towns. Teens, older adults, business and community leaders, parents, library users and non-users, the general public, NJ library leaders, members from both library boards and staff. More than 100 people attended one of these sessions.

Topics discussed with each group included:

The role of the two libraries in contributing to the quality of life in Fanwood and Scotch Plains, with a particular emphasis on the library’s role in the community

A discussion about which libraries they use and why A brainstorming exercise to describe their perfect library An assessment of the strengths of the Fanwood and Scotch Plains libraries as

well as areas in which they could improve A discussion about the joint library concept and specifically what excited them

and what frightened them about the idea The community’s willingness to support library service now and in the future Community awareness about the libraries and suggestions for improving the

libraries’ profile and visibility

Those attending the sessions agreed in their belief that public libraries are important to the quality of life in both communities and identified a number of roles for the libraries both now and for the foreseeable future. Specifically, they see the library as:

A community-gathering place where they can have face-to-face interactions with others in the community. From teens to seniors, all of the groups agreed that the libraries could play an important role in providing the space needed to facilitate cross-generational interaction.

A center for lifelong learning where anyone can find the resources – needed to learn, relearn and retool in order to be productive and contributing members of society.

A place for solitude and contemplation that is conducive to reading, and a relaxing, place outside of the “noise” of everyday life.

An information hub and technology center that can help improve the community’s technological literacy and ability to find information on the web.

A source of free entertainment whether that comes in the form of books, audio books, and movies or through wonderful programs that challenge the intellect and engage the senses.

A center for literacy that promotes a love of reading and supporting pre-literacy and early-literacy among the community’s children.

A source of civic pride that will create a focus and identify for the community.

Focus group participants offered specific suggestions for improving the quality of library service, discussed other libraries they use and explained why, and shared their

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satisfaction and dissatisfaction about both libraries. But a key part of the discussion centered on the idea of forming a joint library to serve both communities.

Residents were undecided about the value of forming a joint library but open to the idea provided that they have detailed information about the new library’s location, the costs associated with a joint library, and the benefits that would accrue to both communities with improved and expanded state-of-the-art services, and potential cost savings. The fears expressed by the group centered on long-held concerns related to consolidation of the two towns and a sense that the unique identify associated with each library would be lost in a consolidation. But in the end, most agreed that it made sense to move ahead with the joint library feasibility study and to flesh out the details for community discussion and debate.

A summary report from the November 2007 focus groups, “Community Voices: A Report on Focus Group Sessions to Explore the Feasibility of Establishing a Joint Library for Fanwood and Scotch Plains”, can be found online at: or the detailed report is available in each library.

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Recommendations for Improved Library Space

Our approach to developing a building program for the Fanwood and Scotch Plains libraries began with an analysis of the needs assessment results – what is the community telling us they want in their library? Interviews with library staff, an analysis of use statistics, and assessment of the current conditions helped guide our recommendations for expanding the space. We operated with these guiding principles:

Fanwood and Scotch Plains voters will decide to merge the two libraries, forming a single joint library as permitted by New Jersey law and will establish a single library facility to serve both communities.

The new joint library will be built on the site of the existing Scotch Plains library.

The existing Scotch Plains library will either be demolished or undergo significant renovation and expansion.

The existing Fanwood Library may be sold for private use to generate income to support the construction of a new library and additional ratables for the Borough or repurposed by the Borough of Fanwood for other municipal uses.

Library service will be available during construction from the Fanwood Library and/or from a temporary storefront location in the Scotch Plains business center.

As much parking as possible will be provided adjacent to the library using the existing surface lot. Consideration should be given to building a parking structure to increase parking capacity.

Based on the guiding principles for this project the consultants recommend that Fanwood and Scotch Plains construct a 52,252 square foot2 new library on the existing site of the Scotch Plains Public Library. We recommend that the current Scotch Plains site be selected for a number of reasons:

The site is already dedicated for library use and offers opportunities to expand the library without the significant expense of acquiring new property.

The proximity of free municipal parking would support the needs of the library and business owners and could potentially be expanded with a parking structure to meet increased demand.

A preliminary evaluation of other sites in Fanwood, including the Fanwood Municipal Complex, cannot support a library of the recommended size nor is there another site in either town that is readily available.

The proximity of the Scotch Plains Library site to the town’s special improvement district creates an opportunity for synergy between the library and efforts to revitalize the central business district.

2 For recent examples of new libraries of approximately this size we recommend visits to the Monroe Township Library in Middlesex County, NJ or the Darien (Ct) Public LibraryLibrary Development Solutions 13February 2009Revised July 2009

The cost of bringing both libraries up to code is significant and renovation and expansion would be limited because of existing site constraints. Each town would need to make a significant investment in renovation and expansion with the outcome likely to be less than optimal in terms of support for the desired library service program.

Maintaining two separate libraries that are physically close to each other, particularly with Fanwood’s limited parking, is costly in today’s economic climate.

There is likely to be outside federal and/or state funds to support library construction in the next two years. Towns that have made all of the policy decisions and have shovel-ready projects are more likely to receive funds.

Although construction of a new library is recommended instead of an expansion and renovation project, it is understand that the current economic climate may not be conducive to a project of that magnitude. Project planners are cautioned that adding to an aging building often becomes a more expensive option than building new. Building codes and construction standards have changed considerably since the time the Scotch Plains Public Library was constructed which would require significant investment in bringing the building up to code. The difficulties associated with blending old and new construction often results in libraries that are less efficient and functional. It is recommended that the boards of both libraries and governing officials carefully weigh the pros and cons of each approach in consultation with an architect before making a final decision on which way to proceed.

A 52,252 square foot building would allow the joint library collection to expand to approximately 163,000 items and create seating to accommodate more than 250 people, not including meeting room seats. Table 5 provides more specific details about the specific functional areas and recommended space proposed for the new joint library.

Table 5

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Space Recommendations for the Fanwood Scotch Plains Joint Library

Functional Area Area sq.ft. MaterialCapacity


Entrance/CommonsEntry 1,000 10

Concierge/welcome 200 Book Return 250

Café/Bookstore/Gift Shop 540 16Circulation Office 800 1,000 4Circulation Desk 500 500 3

Subtotal: 3,290 1,500 33

Adult Browsing/Displays 1,180 5,000 6

Adult Media 1,620 15,000 4 Public service desk 330 100 4

Reference/Electronic Resources 2,000 5,000 50 Computer Training Center 695 100 13

Non-Fiction/Fiction Book Stacks 7,300 70,000 10 Reading and Magazines 907 190 26

Business center 300 Large Print 360 3,000 2

Local History/Archival Collection 700 1,500 15 Quiet Study 480 16

Reference Office 760 100 5Adult Totals: 16,632 99,990 151

Youth Services Service Desk 200 2

Reference, Study & Magazines 800 2,000 20 Parenting 160 200 4

Picture Books and Easy Readers 1,650 7,500 30 Non-fiction/Fiction Book Stacks 4,740 45,000 8

Teen Area & Homework Help Center 1,350 5,000 18 Story time/crafts 600 50* Children's Office 580 500 6

Youth Totals: 10,080 60,200 88

Support and Outreach ServicesCommunity Program/Meeting Room 1,750 175*

Conference room 375 15Gallery space 240 8Group Study 750 8Quiet Room 240 8

Library Development Solutions 15February 2009Revised July 2009

Drive up window 400 400 1Outreach total 3,755 1,400 237

Admin/Back of HouseTechnical Services 1,240 400 8

Network Center/Technology Support 460 100 3Director's Office 310 100 7

Asst Director 310 100 3Administrative Services 1,010 100 10

Staff offices 1,200 8Staff Lounge 400 12

Receiving/Custodial/Storage 600 2 Admin/back of house total: 5,530 800 53

Total Library 39,287 163,890Non-Assignable Area 12,965

Grand Totals: 52,252 163,890 393*

Non-assignable space includes areas such as hallways, entrance and exits, restrooms, closets, etc. Architects typically use a percentage calculation to determine the amount of non-assignable space required ranging from 15% to 40% depending on the building design.

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Building a Joint Library

Construction Costs

Assuming a finished library of approximately 52,252 square feet, we developed the following cost estimate for the joint library project based on 2009 dollars. It is important to note that these costs can fluctuate up or down depending on the economic climate and the cost of goods and materials. In typical times, construction costs escalate at approximately 5% per year. The projected building costs may be adjusted depending on final designs developed by the architect, choice of building materials and furnishings. Table 6 is intended to provide an estimate of what it might cost to expand the library without knowing all the variables at this time.

Table 6Projected Construction Costs

forA Joint Library in Fanwood and Scotch Plains

(2009 dollars)

Sq. Feet Cost TotalConstructionNew Space 39,287 $337.50sf $13,259,625Furniture, finishes and equipment $25/sf $1,306,300Non-assignable 12,965 $337.50/sf $4,375,687 Grand total space 52,252 $18,941,612Other project costsArchitect’s Fee@ 10% $1,800,000 Legal/consultants $100,000Fundraising expenses $ 50,000Tele-data $150,000Data conversion $75,000Demolition $200,000Contingency/Miscellaneous $500,000Temporary rental space/storage $150,000Moving costs $75,000Estimated total $22,041,612

Construction Financing

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Funding for the Joint Library project will most likely be obtained through a combination of public support, revenues realized from the sale of existing property, private contributions and grants from the state and federal government. Sources of funding to support this project include:

Municipal bonds issued by Fanwood Borough and Scotch Plains to support the project. Municipalities typically issue bonds for payback over 20 -25 years.

Bonds from the Union County Improvement Authority, which has issued bonds to support other library projects in the County at a more favorable rate than municipal bonds. Issuance of funding from the county would have the added benefit of not affecting the municipalities’ bond rating.

Funding from the State of New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. The DCA has previously provided support for shared services projects. While the state of the economy makes these funds somewhat uncertain for the foreseeable future, a showcase shared service project may attract support in Trenton as a model for other communities.

Private donations. Many libraries have mounted successful campaigns that have elicited significant contributions to assist in the construction and furnishing of libraries. A feasibility study to determine the potential for private contribution to a joint library project will be completed before identifying a goal for private giving.

As noted previously, The State of New Jersey authorized $45 million in construction bonds in 1999 to support library construction. Efforts are underway by the New Jersey Library Association to secure additional funding to support a second round of grants. Outcome of this effort is uncertain as of this writing. However, to apply, the applicant must have a current library building program such as included in this report in place.

Public/Private Partnership. Some communities have bundled a new library into an overall redevelopment project in association with private developers. Examples of this can be found in Rahway and Plainsboro. The developer agrees to build a new library in return for other considerations.

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) contains provisions that

may support the construction and renovation of “shovel ready” library projects. Funds will be distributed to the state of New Jersey for redistribution to projects that will assist with the state’s economic recovery.

The federally funded Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) is up for reauthorization in 2009. There is some support in Congress for funding to support library construction projects.

Building Program Overview

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This section describes some of the features that should be incorporated into the new or renovated and expanded library. The functional area specifications in Attachment 1 provide a more detailed guide to the specific functions and features that should be incorporated into each space. Ideally, the process of designing and building a new library should represent a true collaboration between the library’s stakeholders, e.g. directors and building committee, and its architect. For that reason, this information should be used to provide initial guidance to the architect. It is expected that based on timing, budget and other factors that some modifications will occur during the design and build process.

The results of the needs assessment provide some general guidance about the types of features that the community wants from the library –

A building that becomes a source of civic pride A facility that become a community gathering place and center for lifelong

learning A place that encourages solitude and contemplation An information hub and technology center A center for literacy A source of free entertainment

Exterior Requirements

Architectural Character – A Source of Civic PrideIn an expansion project, one of the key challenges is to create a design that fits within the overall context of the site and the surrounding area while accomplishing what the focus group participants also wanted, a building that is distinctive, inspiring and a source of civic pride. In this case, discussion about the architectural design for the new joint library should consider any improvement plans for the Scotch Plains Central Business District in designing the new library. Both communities should consider if there are any architectural elements from the existing library that might inform the design of the new building. The new library can become a distinctive architectural feature in the town and should therefore standout from the rest of the central business district. The new library should be welcoming to all which can be achieved, in part, by incorporating windows that allow people to see what’s going on inside the building.

Exterior SignageThose approaching the library should encounter directional signs that easily identify the library on main thoroughfares. There is a standard library symbol sign that is approved for use on NJ roadways but it is not intuitive and for that reason is not recommended. Instead, a simple sign with simple graphics, “The Joint Library” should be considered.

When one approaches the library, there should be at least two identification signs – one at the entrance to the parking lot and the other at the entrance to the building. Exterior signage should be lit during the evening hours so the library can be readily identified.

Landscaping and Site Features

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Care should be taken in landscaping the library’s exteriors. Stones and rocks are attractive landscaping effects but can be used to vandalize the building. Large trees that block sight lines between the street, parking lot and library entrance should also be avoided. The parking lot needs lighting that is sufficient to guide people from the parking area to the library during the evening hours, but is not bothersome to neighboring properties. If the parking lot is adjacent to any residential properties, consideration needs to be given to fencing the area between the library parking lot and residential properties to reduce noise and create barriers to direct sight lines.

ParkingParking is critical to a suburban library where most people drive to the library. There must be adequate parking on site convenient to the library entrance. People using the library parking lot should not have to climb steps or travel a great distance to reach the front entrance. Provision should be made for short term parking for those who may be dropping a passenger off or picking a passenger up from the library. The driveways to and from the parking lot should be designed to accommodate both vehicular and pedestrian traffic. The parking lot may also need to accommodate a drive up book pickup and return in a separate lane of traffic. Specific features for the parking lot should include:

Separate driveway entrance and exit Short term parking if it can be enforced Handicapped accessible parking spaces Parking lot lights raised and protected for vandalism Staff parking that is farther away from the building

We recommend that if possible, within the constraints of the existing site, that the Joint Library plan for 150 spaces for public use and 15 spaces for staff use only. If 150 parking spaces cannot be obtained on the Library’s property, library planners should work with the town to identify shared use parking that could be made available to supplement the Library’s parking.

Drive Through Book Pick Up and ReturnDepending on the site plan’s space availability, the parking lot should also allow for drive through materials pick up and return. The optional drive-through pickup has proven to be a popular feature for many suburban libraries and is particularly convenient for moms and dads with small children or older adults. A drive through book return is an essential feature for the new library. Library customers like the convenience of not having to get out of their car to return items during inclement weather and the option of 24/7 returns. Several return boxes (one for books, another for AV materials) should be located so the slots are on the driver’s side of the card and adjacent to the building so staff can easily retrieve materials, particularly during inclement weather.

EntrancesPublic Entrance – The Community CommonsA single public entrance should be easily accessible from the parking lot. The entrance should be inviting and welcoming to users of all ages. The entrance offers library customers their first glimpse of the library and should entice them to venture further into the building to explore what the library has to offer. The entry vestibule should be both

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functional and aesthetically pleasing in its design. If possible, someone driving by the library should be able to determine from the entrance if the library is open or closed.

The functional role of the entrance is to serve as a barrier between the library’s interior and the outside weather. If possible, the entrance should have two sets of doors – an interior and exterior set to provide a higher degree of energy efficiency. The entrance doors should be easy to operate through the use of power assists or automatic doors that are motion sensitive. The doors must be handicapped accessible to comply with ADA requirements. The public entrance should include flooring that assists in the removal of dirt, mud and snow from the shoes of those entering the building and include a trash receptacle so customers can dispose of their trash before entering the library.

Staff EntranceThe staff entrance should be clearly marked “staff only.” Depending on the library design, this entrance may also be used for deliveries and loading and receiving. A doorbell or buzzer should be located near the entrance so the staff will be alerted when deliveries are ready for unloading. A keyless lock, card reader system, should be used to allow staff to enter and exit the building. The library’s security system panel should also be located adjacent to this entrance so it can be armed and disarmed by staff entering and leaving the building.

Both the staff and public entrances should have an overhang or some protective device to protect people from inclement weather and to provide an outside area for smoking.

Interior Recommendations

General ConsiderationsThe consultants recommend an open, flexible floor plan for the Joint Library. Because libraries continuously change to meet the community needs it is important that the floor plan provide as much flexibility as possible to allow for easy adaptation in the future. If possible, the floor plan should be completely open.

To accommodate planned uses for the library, the consultants recommend the development of “zoned areas” within the library’s open floor plan that clearly delineate each functional area. The use of furniture, shelving and other noise absorbing materials can help define areas that are conducive to quiet study, conversation, technology and media use, staff/customer consultations, and meetings.

Library services that are in high demand should be placed near the entrance to the building. Those that are less in demand should be placed further away from the entrance.

Staff functions should be located adjacent to services in high demand, e.g. the reference office should be near the reference desk, the children’s area offices near the children’s public service desk, etc. Staff functions that are not directly related to public service can be located in more remote areas of the library.

Attention needs to be given to the establishment of clear sight lines for both library customers and staff. The library floor plan should offer customers the ability to have a

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clear line of sight so they can easily locate the area they wish to find. Staff needs to have clear sightlines so they can visually monitor the library space.

AcousticsNoise control, particularly in an open floor plan, is essential in creating library space that can accommodate a variety of functions simultaneously. The architect should attempt to use furnishings, books stacks, acoustic ceiling tiles, acoustic wall treatments, and carpeting to control noise within the library space. Noisy library functions should be located away from quieter library functions. All public areas should be carpeted with the exception of the lobby and entryways.

Floor CoveringA combination of flooring materials is recommended. High traffic areas should incorporate natural stone or other easy-to-clean material that can withstand high traffic. This is recommended for the entrances, lobby, and high-traffic pathways in the building such as the checkout and return areas.

Walk off mats should be incorporated into the entrances to remove outside debris from shoes before people enter the library.

Carpeting is easy to maintain and efficient as a noise barrier. Carpet should be chosen for durability, colorfastness, antistatic properties, texture, ease of cleaning, allergenic qualities and acoustical performance. Carpet tiles or broadloom can be used throughout the building. If carpet tiles are used, they need to be tested in high traffic areas to ensure that they do not pull apart and the edges don’t unravel. Carpet seams should be avoided in high traffic areas. Carpet should be installed under the book stacks in case there is a need to rearrange shelving. Padding should be increased in areas where the staff will be standing for long periods of time. Contrasting carpet borders can be used to delineate different areas or services in the library.

Floor LoadThe minimum floor load throughout the building should be 150 pounds per square foot. If compact shelving is used, the loads should accommodate 250 pounds per square foot.

FurnitureSeveral kinds of furniture should be used in the library space. Rectangular or circular tables, with four to six seats per table, and task chairs can provide seating to support more formal study. All tables should be wired with electrical outlets to accommodate laptops. Laptop users can gain access to the Internet using the library’s wireless connection.

Tables specifically designed to accommodate public PCs should incorporate a wire management system. Collaborative workspace should be provided so two people can work together at a computer. Avoid the use of privacy screens for library PCs to allow for better visual supervision by staff.

A modern version of a “study carrel” should be included. Many library visitors appreciate having “private” quiet space for their work. Single, one-seat tables with low privacy screens can be used for this application.

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Comfortable upholstered seating and occasional tables should be provided for casual reading. Ottomans or benches placed throughout the stacks will encourage people to browse. All upholstered seating should have durable stain resistant fabric and should also be easy to clean.

Private study carrels and collaborative workstations provide another seating alternative.

Furniture in the Youth Services area should be scaled appropriately to accommodate younger readers. Four seat tables, chalk tables, picture book reading tables, picture book bins, and upholstered seating where a child and parent can cuddle with a book should all be incorporated.

Furniture for the teen area should lend itself to a flexible arrangement. This group typically uses this space for conversation. Chairs that can be easily moved and regrouped are recommended, café style seating, mobile bookshelves, and low stools or ottomans can round out this area.

We recommend that pre-teens and teens be asked for their opinion about the furniture in this space.

LightingThere are different lighting requirements throughout the library depending on the functional area. The architect should make use of a combination of direct, indirect and incandescent lighting. Task lighting at the study tables provides additional lighting and creates a warm and inviting atmosphere. Overhead fluorescent lighting provides more ambient lighting to provide even lighting throughout the building. Special display lighting can be used throughout the space to highlight specific collections and areas of the library. Natural lighting should be used throughout the space but the glass needs high-energy efficiency rating.

Even stack lighting is difficult to achieve. Lighting fixtures hung parallel with the stacks and in the stack aisles limits the potential to rearrange the stacks at a later date. The consultants recommend the use of ceiling hung fluorescent fixtures that provide up lighting that bounces off the ceiling and bounces back down in an even distribution to the stack aisles. Installing these fixtures in a perpendicular arrangement allows more flexibility if the stacks need to be moved at a later date. Another alternative is to secure light fixtures directly to the top of each shelving section.

ShelvingSteel shelving should be used to house the majority of the collection with custom wooden end panels or wooden shelving reserved for special rooms and the browsing collection. Shelves should be adjustable and the lower shelves should slope upwards to make it easier for the customer to read the titles.

Throughout the building, end panels of several shelving units should be equipped with monitors and small profile computers for access to the library’s catalog.

Display shelving and tables should be incorporated into the furniture layout to facilitate easy browsing, particularly for new materials and media.

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TechnologyTechnology is a continuously evolving area that may have several life cycles before the building addition is constructed. The consultants recommend that the library engage a technology consultant during the design and development stage of the project to work with the architect to ensure that the library has the most up to date wiring to allow for high-speed data transmission and to accommodate the library network. The consultants recommend that the highest level of cabling be installed in the building, currently Cat6, to support the library’s computer network. Fiber to the desktop should also be given serious consideration. Telephone cables must be planned and integrated into the floor plan as well as an adequate number of electrical outlets to accommodate current and projected equipment needs.

SignageInterior signs and graphics should be used to help customers orient themselves in the library and to guide them through the space. The signage and message plan should be planned early in the design process in conjunction with the architect and a graphic designer. The signage system should fit with the overall design of the library and should be easily adaptable should changes be needed in the future. The sign program needs to include enough signs to get people around the building but not so many that they confuse people.

LEED DesignThe Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) green building rating is becoming increasingly popular in the design and construction of new buildings. It is recommended that Fanwood and Scotch Plains seek LEED certification for the new library or adhere to LEED standards. LEED certification provides independent, third-party verification that a building project meets the highest green building and performance measures. All certified projects receive a LEED plaque, which is the nationally recognized symbol demonstrating thatabuildingis environmentally responsible, profitable and a healthy place to live and work.

There are both environmental and financial benefits to earning LEED certification.LEED-certified buildings:

Lower operating costs and increased asset value. Reduce waste sent to landfills. Conserve energy and water. Are healthier and safer for occupants. Reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions. Qualify for tax rebates, zoning allowances and other incentives in hundreds of

cities. Demonstrate an owner's commitment to environmental stewardship and social


HVACThe library should install the best, most energy efficient and operator friendly HVAC system it can find and afford to ensure even temperature throughout the building. Many libraries are incorporating geothermal design and passive solar energy systems into their HVAC designs. The system should allow for zoned heating and cooling accommodating a variety of functions and storage conditions. Thermostats should be located out of

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direct sunlight and out of the public service areas. Operable windows should be included in the building design to allow for fresh air into the building.

Building SecurityA building security system should be installed to protect library resources from fire and intrusion. The alarm system should be tied directly to the police station. We do not recommend the use of motion detectors because they are too sensitive and cause too many false alarms.

Materials SecurityMany libraries utilize a materials security system for all or parts of its collection. Ultimately it is up to library planners to determine if the cost of purchasing such a system is justified given data about the amount of loss. If purchased, a materials security system should be installed with detection screens placed near the public building exit. The architect needs to take the security gates into consideration when designing the exit space so traffic can be channeled through the gates. Library planners should carefully evaluate the current options for library materials security which include the capacity to support self checkout, automate the return function, locate holds, maintain shelf order and assist with inventory. There is emerging technology that will also automate the sorting of returned items.

Specific Recommendations

Interior Entrance – Community Commons/Mixing BowlWhen a customer enters the library he or she should be able to easily locate at first glance all of the library’s public service areas. As envisioned by library planners in Fanwood and Scotch Plains, the library entry area would serve be similar to the main space at Grand Central Station in NY, a kind of crossroads that is both welcoming and informational, a grand space that leads library users to other parts of the building. Attractive directional signs should be immediately visible upon entering the library. Many libraries are using their interior lobby areas as multifunctional space to help people make the transition from the parking lot to the library. A welcome desk, café, used bookstore, library gift shop, and community bulletin board (both paper and electronic), and a media wall are some of the features that could be included in this space. This allows opportunities for customers to connect with others and engage in conversation before getting into the heart of the library space. Someone entering the library should be find a way finding directory that will get them around the library and should also find a listing of programs currently in progress as well as upcoming events.

The Community Commons space should also incorporate the library’s café, used book sale and gift shop if it is determined that these functions should be incorporated into the new library. These areas should be designed in consultation with restaurant outfitter and retail space consultant and incorporate custom millwork and other finishes that will set them apart from the rest of the library space.

Check Out and ReturnsThis is a functional area of the library that is in the midst of a transition. New technology now allows customers to check out their own books and for books to be automatically sorted upon return. If the library chooses to incorporate self-service checkout into its design plans, these units should be housed in custom designed millwork that makes

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them appear more customer friendly and more like ATM machines. The materials return function also needs to be considered in this area’s design. Multiple return slots that deliver materials directly into a sorting room is one option for removing the clutter of book returns from the circulation desk. Another more technologically sophisticated approach relies on intelligent computer chips placed in each book to automatically check in the item and sort it into an appropriate bin. This technology users a single return slot with conveyer belt to accept items for return.

The checkout desk needs to be attractive and welcoming. The desk should be designed with varying countertop heights to accommodate adults, children and those with disabilities. Consideration should be given to including a shelf on the customer side of the desk so borrowers can rest their belongings while in the checkout line. Many libraries are experimenting with circulation desk design to incorporate the capacity for self-check, staggered workstations that allow for a more private interaction with a staff members and “hip-to-hip” service.

Care should be taken to design for wire management while maintaining ease of repair for computers and monitors. The circulation desk should be a shell with modular units that can be purchased to accommodate specific desk functions. Shelving behind the circulation desk should accommodate items on hold for customers and should be within easy reach of the staff. Library planners may also want to consider a “self-service hold” option, which has proven to be successful in many libraries. If self-service holds become part of the plan an area in the lobby adjacent to the check out desk will need to be outfitted with shelving that customers can access directly. Cushioned flooring should be provided in this area to reduce fatigue for those who are standing for long periods.

If the new library design includes a drive-up window this area should be in close proximity to the circulation function.

Library SecurityRecent innovations with library security systems make an investment in this hardware and software worth consideration. Intelligent microchip software is attached to each item allowing library staff to use this technology for a number of functions other than security including automatic check-in, inventory control, and shelf reading. Space to accommodate hardware for the library security needs to be included near the entrance and exits.

Meeting RoomProviding space to accommodate library programs and community meetings is an increasingly important part of the library’s community function. Ideally, the library should have a variety of meeting spaces available to accommodate customer needs. The Joint Library will become a magnet for community activity, for that reason the community meeting room needs to be designed to accommodate at least 175 people. This space should be located near the library entrance so it can be made available for use before and after the library’s regular hours. Additional meeting space to accommodate community groups of 10–25 and group study rooms to accommodate students and business people should also be incorporated into the library’s design.

The large meeting room should be capable of accommodating performances with a portable or fixed stage as well as providing space for large program based meetings. Ceilings, walls and flooring should assist with the room’s acoustical control. Overhead Library Development Solutions 26February 2009Revised July 2009

lighting should be used for general lighting and be controlled by dimmer switches so lighting can be adjusted easily to accommodate programs. The meeting room space should include an “intelligent” podium that can be used by the speaker to control all of the AV equipment. Assistive devices to enhance hearing should be included as well. At a minimum this room should be equipped with a data projector, video and DVD player, receiver and amplification system, and large screen. Depending on budget, library planners may also want to consider adding video conferencing and distance learning capabilities in this space. Also recommended is a control room where a staff member can operate all of the AV equipment for the meeting room using a control console.

The meeting room should include counter space and a full service kitchen for refreshments and catering for events. A large storage room should be included in this space for storing stackable chairs, folding tables, equipment and props.

Gallery SpaceArt and visual displays have become an important part of programs and should be accommodated in the new library. Hanging space for exhibits can be incorporated into community commons, meeting room exterior and interior walls, and/or other space that would lend itself to this function. Opportunities to exhibit artwork and displays should continue to be a part of the library’s interior space for maximum exposure. In addition to hanging space, the new library should also have a number of portable cases that can be used to display objects.

Public RestroomsProvision should be made for restrooms that are located in a portion of the building that is easily accessible for all service areas. Ideally they should be located near the meeting room if that space is to be used after normal library hours. There should be a separate unisex restroom located in the children’s area with appropriately sized fixtures. Both the women and men's rest room should include a pull down changing table. Other features to consider in the restroom design include sufficient number of toilets (especially for women), wall mounted self flushing toilets and urinals, double toilet paper dispensers, electric hand dryers located close to the sink, hooks on the doors of the stalls, fold down shelves in the stalls for parcels, soap dispensers that spill into the sinks, floor drains and sloped floor, easy to clean surfaces, ceramic tiles on the floor and walls,

Adult Services The area of the library intended for adults needs to accommodate a variety of functions and activities.

Browsing AreaThe browsing area should be close to the entrance and include the capacity to accommodate the newest releases (books and media) on low shelves that are attractively lit. Using the best of retail design, customers should be able to comfortably browse the shelves and display tables in this area and find seating if they want to peruse the items before they borrow a book. Face out shelving with slat wall end panels for display is desirable. This area should be readily accessible to the entrance so the person who wants to browse for the latest bestseller can do so quickly without needing to go through the rest of the library. The browsing area should also incorporate the most recent video, DVD, and audio book titles.

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Media AreaVideos, DVDs, and audio books are a significant portion of the library’s circulation. A media area that incorporates all media formats should be included in the expanded library. This area should utilize media display shelving that makes it easy for customers to locate material. The feature and non-fiction video collection should be fully integrated in this area. Additional features for the media area include the capability to preview a video, DVD or listen to an audio book.

Service DesksService desks in the adult area of the library should encourage people to approach the staff for assistance. The service desk designs should incorporate varying counter heights. In some instances staff will be more readily available to assist people to locate material if they are standing and not comfortably seated at a desk. But the service desk also needs to incorporate a design that allows for more in depth conversations with customers who may need one-on-one instruction or assistance in finding information. Depending on the layout of the space, service kiosks should also be considered at varying locations in the adult services area to ensure that customers are never far away from staff assistance.

Reference and Electronic ResourcesLibrary reference service is in transition. Many print reference volumes are no longer published in paper and are now available only in digital formats. While this transition is far from complete, over the next 10 years much of a library’s reference materials will be available only in digital format. Although the need for reference shelving will be diminished, the need for additional computer workstations to accommodate information searches will replace the square footage formerly devoted to the collection. In the meantime, until this transition is complete, the library needs to plan for a print reference collection. The reference collection should be housed on 42” high shelving units with countertops that can be used to consult heavy materials.

The reference area should also include both library supplied desktop computers and tables that are wired to allow someone to come into the library with a laptop and plug into their network. All wiring should be routed through the table legs into floor plugs. Task lighting that can be controlled by the customer at each table creates a pleasant work atmosphere.

Library supplied desktop computers should be housed on tables or workstations that are wide enough to allow customers to work both with a keyboard and to consult materials that they may be using in their work. Because people sometimes work at computers collaboratively at times with others, workstations should also accommodate two user chairs.

The reference area also needs to include some special shelving to accommodate atlases and dictionaries.

Technology CenterLibraries are becoming more adept at helping their customers learn how to become expert web searchers, how to use the latest information technology and

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how to locate specialized information on the web. Many libraries are integrating this information literacy function into their service program and are incorporating a technology center into their design. The technology center can serve two purposes – it can be used for formal instruction (no more than 12 people at once) and can be used to provide additional computer workstations when it is not in use. The technology center can also provide customers with access to specific hardware and software applications to which they might not otherwise have access. The technology center can support high-resolution scanners, digital cameras and video recorders, a smart board for instruction and communication, and videoconferencing capability.

Business CenterA business center should be conveniently located in the adult services area. This area would include a copier, a scanner, public fax, Internet express workstations, and high-speed color laser printer to accommodate duplication needs.

Reading and Magazine AreaThis area provides a wonderful opportunity for the library to create a comfortable inviting area where customers can read the latest magazines and newspapers in a relaxed comfortable environment. Shelving in the magazine area should include the current issue in a face out display and provide space for the last twelve months of each magazine. Daily and one week worth of newspapers should also be accommodated in this area. With many magazines now available in full text databases, many libraries are eliminating their back files for all but local publications. Back files with bound copies of magazines and newspapers should be housed on open shelves adjacent to the magazine area so customers can locate the desired issues in a self-service environment.

Adult StacksMost of the adult fiction and non-fiction collection will be housed in this area, which should be adjacent to the reference area. Shelves should be no higher than 84 inches. End panels should allow for display of featured titles and accommodate flat screen monitors that provide access to the OPAC. Consider sloped shelves for the bottom three shelves that will permit spines to be viewed more easily.

Large PrintSeparate shelving should be designated for the large print collection. The larger size of these books requires shelving that is 10 inches deep and ideally the shelving height should be no higher than 60 inches to allow for easy viewing of these titles by people who may be visually impaired.

Local History and ArchivesThe new library should have a room specifically dedicated to support the community’s interest in local history and archival materials related to each town. This room should include flat files for maps, photos and other historic documents as well as lateral files for pamphlets and other ephemeral material. In some libraries, the local history room includes customized furniture and finishes that set the room apart from other heavily used areas of the library.

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The local history room should include a large conference table that can be used for consulting materials.

Group Meeting Rooms Small meeting rooms that offer people the chance to meet informally are a popular feature in libraries. These study rooms can be used for a business meeting, for tutoring, group study, language instruction and a multitude of other purposes. The small meeting rooms should accommodate 4-6 people. A larger conference room with seating for 15 can be used for Board meetings and other larger community meetings.

Quiet Study Focus group participants indicated that they want the library to be a place for solitude and contemplation. And, although the new library should provide an atmosphere that supports that function, planners may also want to consider a “quiet only” room where computers, other forms of technology and talking are prohibited.

Teen Services

Teens are the one age group that most libraries have difficulty accommodating. However, in Fanwood and Scotch Plains pre-teens and teens have found their way to the library in increasing numbers with more than 50 middle schoolers coming to the library after school each day. It is important to accommodate this use with space that is specifically reserved and designed for this age group. While many teens might need the adult area of the library when they are engaged in serious study and research, there is an opportunity for the library to create a comfortable atmosphere for teens to “lounge” and relax.

The Library’s Teen services should:

Support teen’s academic and leisure reading, listening and viewing Further information literacy among teens Encourage use of the library’s teen collection, programs and services Foster a lifelong love of learning and culture among its users Establish a continuing relationship with the library

If possible, the teen area should be physically, acoustically and psychologically separate from both the adult and youth services sections. It should be in two sections: one for academic work that includes Internet ready computers and a homework help center and the second to include less formal seating and a browsing/listening/viewing area for recreational use and gathering. Strong consideration should be given to incorporating a teen services librarian’s office adjacent to the area for access and oversight. The design of the teen area should be informed by input from the teens themselves. The physical aspect of the area should be attractive to the group it serves, while insuring functionality and lasting appeal.

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Youth Services

The children’s services areas in both Fanwood and Scotch Plains are currently used heavily and will continue to be a focal point for library services. In the new library, space to support the youth services program needs to be designed so it is attractive and appealing to the youngest children but not appear to be too babyish for the older children.

Toddlers, Preschool and Early ReadersThis space should accommodate the collection of picture books; board books and early readers in shelving that make it easy to retrieve materials. A combination of bins for featured collections and low shelving that makes it easy to locate specific titles is recommended. This shelving should be no higher than 42” in this area. Furnishings should be scaled to the youngest children and should include not only table and chair seating but comfortable chairs and stools, chalk tables, and two person seats that can be used when a child and parent want to cuddle together to enjoy a book. This space should include ample wall space to display children’s artwork and mount special displays.

Story and Crafts CenterA story and crafts center that can accommodate 50 children should be adjacent to the preschool area. This space should include cushioned flooring that is comfortable for floor seating. The atmosphere should be conducive to listening. A crafts center should be located adjacent to the story room. This space should include a washable floor in one section and stackable tables and chairs that can be used for craft activities. It should also include cabinetry for storage and sinks for quick cleanup.

Study CenterOlder children will be more likely to come to the library if they find space that accommodates their needs. This area needs to provide comfortable seating and lighting that accommodates formal study as well as more comfortable seating for children who may be involved in casual reading. An expanded number of computer workstations should provide children ample opportunities to search the library's databases or obtain resource on the World Wide Web. This area should also include several group study rooms that can be used for team projects and tutoring. Shelving in this area should be a combination of 42” and 66” shelving units with slat wall ends and 10 inch deep shelving.

The Youth Services space should also include an area for viewing and listening to videos, DVDs and CDs and a place to store back packs and coats, and room to accommodate stroller parking.

Service DeskThe Youth Services service desk should be centrally located so that service can be provided to both areas of the children’s area. The service desk should be at a height that is convenient for the size of children.

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Staff Areas

Staff offices should provide space that enables each staff member to have an efficient and productive work environment. Rather than planning for individual offices, staff work areas should make use of office systems to delineate space. A workstation should be provided for each full time staff member and shared workstations provided for part-time staff. A private office for the director and assistant director should be located in an administrative suite, which also includes space for an administrative assistant, business manager, program and marketing assistant. The director’s office should include a small conference table that can be used for small meetings.

Staff workspaces should be clustered around the public service desks in the adult, lending and children’s area to create a service core that provides both public service and private workspace. By locating staff offices adjacent to the public service desks, staff members can easily observe transactions at the service desks and be called upon to assist at the busiest times.

Technical ServicesThe technical services area should be located adjacent to the shipping and receiving area. The tech services space should include a counter or a large table that can be used to easily unload cartons and other deliveries. This area needs ample storage for book processing materials and supplies storage as well as shelving for staging and processing materials. Like the other staff work spaces, it should make use of an office system environment that allows for a more collaborative work environment.

Network CenterTechnology to support the library’s service program should be located in a specially designed server room. Space to support the information technology function should be immediately adjacent to this area. This space would provide an area for technology staging and repairs and troubleshooting. Staff LoungeA staff lounge should be incorporated into the building design. This area will permit staff to have a quiet area to relax and eat meals, to hold an informal meeting and to store their personal belongings. The space should include an area for staff lockers. Kitchenette facilities should be sufficient to permit staff to prepare a simple meal and should include a refrigerator, stove, dishwasher and microwave. The space should have a combination of table and comfortable seating. An Internet ready workstation should also be included in this area to allow those staff members without computers at their desktops to check their email during breaks. The staff lounge should also include a unisex restroom.

Attachment 1 provides specific details for each of the functional areas planned in the expanded library.

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AttachmentFunctional Area Specifications

The functional area specifications that follow provide specific recommendations for each major area outlined in the building program. These recommendations include the square footage required to support each function along with specific features that should be incorporated in the design.

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Area 1: Entrance and Commons

Entrance/Commons/Mixing Bowl

Size (square feet) 1,000 Date February 2009

Activities People of all ages enter the building including elderly, very young children in strollers, teenagers in groups, business people, students making library class visits, persons with disabilities, and people in wheelchairs.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 10+ Staff: Daily Uses: 500 +

Architectural Features - Ambiance

A welcoming, inviting entrance and passageway into the Library which gives users a visual orientation to the building, services, and collections. Interior set of doors will provide a transitional area from external environmental conditions and the acoustically softer conditions inside. Automated doors for persons with disabilities are required. A plaza or small park placed in front of the entrance would be especially attractive.

Furnishings and Equipment

Library directory and mapDisplay racks for library and community information materialsBench seating for 5 - 10 persons waiting for a ridePublic telephones (optional)Water fountainWalk-off mats Wall-mounted flat screen TVs with display of the library calendar and community eventsLarge trash container, recycling container Book return area with wall slots to allow users to return items directly to the area for check ins

Seats: 2 bench seats for 5 people each

Proximity Circulation Desk, Bookstore, Distance Administrative Offices, Technical Café, Restrooms, Parking Lot Services

Books Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 1February 2009Revised July 2009

Concierge/Welcome Desk

Size (square feet) 200 Date February 2009

Activities People of all ages enter the building including elderly, very young children in strollers, teenagers in groups, business people, students making library class visits, persons with disabilities, and people in wheelchairs.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 10+ Staff: Daily Uses: 500 +

Architectural Features - AmbianceA welcoming, service desk that immediately helps people orient themselves to the library. A convenient place to ask a question, get directions, interact with staff.

Furnishings and EquipmentKiosk type service desk with seating for two staff membersErgonomic seatingUnder desk filesComputer workstation

Seats: 2 staff seats

Proximity Circulation Desk, Bookstore, Distance Administrative Offices, Technical Café, Restrooms, Parking Lot Services

Books 50 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 2February 2009Revised July 2009


Size (square feet) 250 Date February 2009

Activities Area to temporarily store materials returned to the Library by borrowers. Staff area for check in and staging of materials to be readied for shelving. Occupancy Public: Staff: 3 Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

The return area design should include separate slots to allow users to presort returned items into bins: adult books, children’s books, adult media, and children’s media. Book bins should be adjacent to the return staging area where staff check materials back in to the library and stage them for re-shelving.

Furnishings and Equipment

Book return bins should be on wheel and have a depressible, interior floor to accommodate large, heavy loads.

Proximity Library Entrance Distance

Books Up to 100 items or more Non-Book Up to 100 items or more per type

Library Development Solutions 3February 2009Revised July 2009

Library Area Café/Bookstore/Gift Shop

Size (square feet) 540 Date February 2009

Activities Retail space to sell new and used books, library gift items and refreshments.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 10 Staff: 1-2 Daily Uses: 100+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Prime retail space in the library. Fine "bookstore" display shelving. Spot lighting to highlight sale items. Special brochure racks and signage to publicize library events and activities. Small café area with coffee/tea service, light beverages and snacks.

Furnishings and EquipmentCafé:Work counter behind cash registerSink, small dishwasher, microwave ovenFlexible, adjustable wall shelving Lockable storage cabinet for inventory storage Telephone, large wastebasket and recycling container4 small café tables with seating for 2-3 each and counter height seatingBook/gift sale:A mixture of countertop, floor and wall displaysAdjustable shelving for booksGlass display case


Proximity Entry, Circulation Distance Desk

Books 200 Non-Book Materials 50

Library Development Solutions 4February 2009Revised July 2009

Circulation Desk Area

Size (square feet) 500 Date February 2009

Activities The Circulation Desk is one of the Library's most active and potentially noisy service areas. It must accommodate areas for checking-in and checking-out all types of materials; requesting and picking up reserved materials; payments for overdues or lost materials; registering patrons for borrowing privileges; answering telephone calls; directing patrons to other areas of the library; and preparing library materials for re-shelving. The desk must be designed for efficiency, a high level of flexibility, staff comfort, and adaptability to new computer based circulation control systems. This desk will serve both adults and children.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 2-4 Staff: 2-4 Daily Uses: 500+

Architectural Features - AmbianceA custom designed bi-level desk (30"/39" ADA compatible) should be adjacent to the entrance but protected from outside weather conditions. The desk area should be welcoming and contain clearly worded, easy -to-see, attractive signage to inform patrons of the locations of various functions. Lighting should be bright but not harsh or reflect off terminal screens. The desktop should be made of an easy to maintain surface, providing sufficient room for all equipment and supplies as well as open area for patrons to transact business. The low level end would accommodate children and wheelchair patrons on the public side while providing staff with an additional workstation. The area on the staff side of the desk must be sufficiently deep to accommodate staff working at the desk, a person walking by, and stationary book carts simultaneously. Ergonomically correct seating design and carpeting with adequate padding would provide staff comfort for extended periods of deskwork. Adequate space on the public side should allow queuing for checkout services without interfering with patrons returning materials.

Furnishings and EquipmentLarge custom designed, bi-level, ADA compatible transaction desk.Automated circulation control system components; 4 terminals with laser bar code scanners, 4 receipt printers, 4 security de-sensitizers, cabling/wire management.Depressible book and media return bins inside the desk with a slot on the public side.Wide drawers with dividers for circulation supplies, notices, brochures, circulating adult and children’s media, etc.Under counter cabinets with pull out shelves or modular units for storage.2 cash registers with dedicated phone line for credit card transactions4 ergonomic chair/stools for staff6-8 Book carts, shelves behind the desk at eye level for 100-200 reserve books.Plug mold electrical outlets, wastebaskets (2), recycling bins (2), wall clock3 Telephones, theft detection system equipment1 Self Check-Out Station

Proximity Entry, book return, security system Books 300-500 (includes book return bins, shelves for reserves, book carts for materials to be reshelved)

Library Development Solutions 5February 2009Revised July 2009

Circulation Office

Size (square feet) 800 Date February 2009

Activities Preparing returned materials for re-shelving and new items for introduction to the collection. Minor repairs, loading/unloading book carts, sorting items, etc.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 0 Staff: 1-5 + Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

The floor plan of this area should be open enough to facilitate easy movement of people and book carts. A high counter for processing and sorting materials is necessary along with wall shelves to temporarily hold materials. Adequate wall space is needed for department mail baskets/bins and a "white board" or bulletin board for daily notices/work schedules. A window wall with one-way glass separating the Circulation Desk from the work area will allow staff to easily shift from the work area to the desk when additional staff desk assistance is needed. This room will be adjacent to the Book Return slots in the Library Entry. Consideration for a “Drive Up” Return/Pickup Window would be desirable with a staff workstation in this area providing the service.

Furnishings and Equipment

Stand-up work counter with stools for processing ILLs, reserves, sorting mail, etc.2, four drawer file cabinets, bookshelves, lockable storage cabinet for office supplies, compartmentalized storage for forms and odd materials5 electronic workstations, 5 ergonomic chairs, 2 ergonomic stools for work counterShared network printerProject Request and PAC terminal, scanner, and printer for Interlibrary loanWall clock, intercom, HVAC Control panel, video security system components6 waste baskets, 2 recycling bins, paper cutter, and calculatorSecurity system re-sensitizer and de-sensitizer for books and media20 sorting shelves with 5 shelves designated for interlibrary delivery items10 -15 Book cartsLarge worktable for sorting items1 photocopier and 1 FAX machine 5 phone handsetsCombination white Board/Bulletin BoardPrivate office for Department Head “Drive Up” WindowDepressible book return bins for each item type: books (adult & children), music on CDs, videos, and DVDs

Proximity Circulation Desk DistanceBooks 1,000+ (temp) Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 6February 2009Revised July 2009

Area 2: Adult Services


Size (square feet) 1180 Date February 2009

Activities Display and promotion of high-demand, high-interest new adult books and non-print material. Short-term leisure reading area.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 20+ Staff: Daily Uses: 200+

Architectural Features - AmbianceVery high use/high turnover space. Spot lighted 60” book display units with sloping shelves on the bottom. Display units should permit face out display. Materials should be arranged sequentially for ease in locating a particular item. Comfortable, spacious area that provides ample room for a variety of material displays including new titles, special book list titles, seasonal and topical items. High quality, bookstore type shelving and display tables should be used in this area.

Furnishings and Equipment6 lounge seats – upholstered chairs and ottomans6 display tables for seasonal or topical displaysone end panel OPACshelving that permits face out displaydisplay lighting

Seats: 6

Proximity Entrance, Circ desk Distance Administrative offices

Books 5000 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 7February 2009Revised July 2009


Size (square feet) 1620 Date February 2009

Activities Display and promotion of high-demand, high-interest media for adults and children

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 20+ Staff: Daily Uses: 200+

Architectural Features - AmbianceFlexible shelving and storage systems for a variety of media formats: DVDs, limited number of VHS titles, Books on tape and CD, Playaways, music CDs. This will be a high traffic area, which will require acoustic dampening and wider aisles for browsing. Display lighting and specially designed media shelving is desirable.

Furnishings and EquipmentMedia shelving for face out display of DVD. CDs, and other media formatsDVD and CD viewing and listening stations

Seats: 6

Proximity Entrance, Circ desk Distance Administrative offices

Books Non-Book Materials 5000

Library Development Solutions 8February 2009Revised July 2009

Technology Training Center

Size (square feet) 695 Date February 2009

Activities An acoustically separate area that provides computer based, group training and converts to individual electronic workstations when classes are not in session.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 12+ Staff: 1+ Daily Uses: 100+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

This area must be acoustically dampened to control noise from computers and conversations with students and Instructors. Lighting should be high intensity to prevent eye fatigue while glare free for viewing computer screens. Natural light from windows must be manually controlled with blinds or shutters. The large numbers of persons using this area and rapidly changing technology require flexibility. The room should be freely accessible to the public for individual, electronic resource use when classes are not scheduled and easily monitored by staff at the Reference Desk. An alternative location may be considered in order to make the training center available for use when the rest of the library is closed.

Furnishings and Equipment

12 collaborative, electronic workstations with two ergonomic chairs each arranged around the perimeter of the room, consider wireless connection and adjustable height flat panel monitorsTwo workstations should have extra large monitors and keyboards for persons with visual acuity difficulties or other disabilitiesMobile instructor's workstationCeiling mounted computer projector with retractable screen or smartboardCounter height shelving in rear for training manuals, networked printer, and computer related books and magazines

Proximity Reference Desk Distance Children's Services

Books 100 Non-Book Materials 100

Library Development Solutions 9February 2009Revised July 2009

Adult Non-Fiction/Fiction Book Stacks

Size (square feet 7300 Date February 2009

Activities People browse and look for specific books.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 500+ Staff: 10+ Daily Uses: 500+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

The stack area should be one continuous orderly block making it simple to find a book. Sliding pull out shelves or strategically located counter height "cut outs" in each range would permit stand up consultations and to temporarily rest heavy materials. Signage is critical in this area to separate different genres (i.e. mystery, westerns, science fiction, romance, etc.) Non-glare lighting should be parallel to the book stack ranges.

Furnishings and Equipment

Front cover display pockets on end panels End Panel PAC workstations Ranges to be spaced 72" on centers, braced across the top. This will leave a 50" wide aisle if 9" shelving is installed. 10” shelves should be used for the 700s (art books)Book stops and bookends for each shelf must be provided.Angled, low glare stack lightingFloor live load bearing capacity of 150 pounds per square foot. 10 kick stools for reaching high shelvesSubject signage on end panels4 book trucks for returned materials used in-house

Proximity Browsing/ Reference Distance Children's Services Desk

Books 70,000 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 10February 2009Revised July 2009

Reading and Magazines

Size (square feet) 907 Date February 2009

Activities This is the “Community Living Room” with a variety of comfortable seating, a warm and inviting environment for browsing, selecting and leisurely reading newspapers and magazines. Shelf storage for immediate back issues of periodicals.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 20+ Staff: Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Pleasant, light atmosphere with noisy activities acoustically dampened. Sloping displays for current magazines with storage underneath for a minimum of one year of back issues. Separate units for displaying newspapers. Natural light from windows with manually operated blinds or shutters are desirable along with supplemental task lights on the reading tables and end tables to augment non-glare ambient lighting. A fireplace setting would be a welcome design consideration.

Furnishings and Equipment

6 Oversize 4' x 6' tables with four ergonomic chairs10 lounge chairsCoffee and occasional tables Coat rack, umbrella standShelving for 200 magazine and newspaper titles1 recycling container1 wastebasket

Seats 34

Proximity Browsing Distance Children's Services

Books Non-Book Materials 200 Magazines and newspapers

Library Development Solutions 11February 2009Revised July 2009

Large Print

Size (square feet) 360 Date February 2009

Activities Browsing and selecting book titles in large print format.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 5-10 Staff: Daily Uses: 100+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Bright, non-glare stack lighting is desirable. Special face out display for new materials. The shelving for large print books should be 10" or more deep and spaced farther apart on the book stack. The stack height should not exceed 60”. The public would appreciate the placement of a PAC terminal nearby. It's critical to note in the catalog the location of these items separate from the regular book collections. The large print materials should be close to fiction.

Furnishings and Equipment

Large font type signage for Large Print BooksA mixture of regular book stack shelving and face out display shelving 1 PAC terminal workstation with an ergonomic chair2 lounge chairs

Proximity Adult Media Distance Children’s Services

Books 3,000 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 12February 2009Revised July 2009

Local History/Conference Room

Size (square feet) 700 Date February 2009

Activities Display of the Local History Collection and space for instructional workshops, and small group meetings of 5 to 15 people.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 20 Staff: Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Acoustically dampened with humidity controlControllable lighting for multimedia presentationsFine shelving for Local History CollectionControlled access with lockable door

Furnishings and EquipmentCeiling mounted pull down screenLarge Conference Room table with 15 chairsData ports/electrical service outlets built into the tableTelephoneShelving with pull out lateral file drawers in the base for Local History papersSix-drawer flat files for maps, drawings, prints, posters, etc.Electronic workstationPhotocopierFlat bed scanner

Proximity Reference Desk Distance

Books 1,500 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 13February 2009Revised July 2009

Reference Desk

Size (square feet) 330 Date February 2009

Activities Reference services that are heavily used by the public for information purposes.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 1-2 Staff: 2 Daily Uses: 100+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

This area is the traditional "heart" of the library. It is the principal information center for the community. Clear line of sight to other areas such the electronic resources, the reference and non-fiction book stacks, and reference office should be provided. Seating on the public side of the desk for consultation with the staff is desirable.

Furnishings and Equipment

Bi-level, 29"" to 39" high Reference Desk centrally located to the reference and non-fiction/fiction collections with ergonomic seating for staff and users. 2 telephones, one that is portable. Shelving for ready reference materials. Flexible, modular desk units with lateral files and pull out drawers. 2 electronic workstations for staff use.

Seats: 4

Proximity Reference Office, Distance Children's Services Reference Collection

Books 100 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 14February 2009Revised July 2009


Size (square feet) 2,000 Date February 2009

Activities Information resources and services that are heavily used by the public for general information and instructional activities.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 50+ Staff: Daily Uses: 500+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

There will be considerable public activity and high traffic in this area so special consideration must be made for acoustic dampening, ergonomic seating, and spatial relationships. Lighting should be high intensity to prevent eye fatigue while glare free for viewing Computer screens. Natural light from windows must be manually controlled with blinds or shutters. The large numbers of persons using this area and rapidly changing technology require flexibility in the schematic phase of design. All table and lounge seating should have capability for electronic access with data ports and electrical outlets.

Furnishings and Equipment

6 3’X5’ study tables with 4 chairs each 8 study carrels with electrical outlets and data ports; 2 of which are fully ADA compliant24 electronic workstations and ergonomic chairs with electronic access to digital databases as well as the library's LAN, PAC and Internet AccessPublic FAX machine1 photocopy machineLarge bulletin board12 stand-up OPAC and Internet “Express” electronic workstations1 microfilm/microfiche reader printer25 sq ft for 3 microfilm cabinetsOptiplex Magnifying Machine for Persons with Low Vision2 Atlas stands, 1 Dictionary stand48” high shelving for the reference collection

Seats 56

Proximity Reference Desk Distance Children's Services

Books 2,500 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 15February 2009Revised July 2009

Reference Office

Size (square feet) 760 Date February 2009

Activities Database searching, word processing, materials selection, newspaper indexing, department planning and scheduling.


Occupancy (at one time) Public: Staff: 5 Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Visual access to the Reference Desk via one-way glass but sound isolated. A flexible, open office design that is adaptable to changing technology. Include non-glare task lighting.

Furnishings and Equipment

Workstations and ergonomic chairs for up to 5 staff members on the perimeter separated by 60" high double faced shelving or sound-absorbing panels. Each workstation should have one, two drawer file cabinetAcoustically separate private office for Dept. Manager for private meetings and consultationBulletin board and space for 1 small book truck at each workstation Telephone at each workstationNetworked laser printerWastebaskets and shared recycling binWall shelves for 200 books; office manuals, professional journals and other materials. Manually operable window shades or blinds Large worktable for projects requiring layoutWall clockLockable Storage Closet FAX machine

Proximity Reference Desk Distance Children's Service Area

Books 200 Non-Book Materials Princeton Files for Professional Journals

Library Development Solutions 16February 2009Revised July 2009

Quiet Study

Size (square feet) 480 Date February 2009

Activities Quiet group and individual study rooms, small group meetings of 2-4 people. These rooms may be located near the Reference/Electronic/Information Area.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 1-4 Staff: Daily Uses: 50+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

4 study rooms of 200 sq ft eachAcoustically dampened - consider window wall partitions.Oversize table and 4 chairs in each study roomTabletop mounted electrical receptacles for laptop computers, personal listening devices, etc. Incandescent table lamps supplement indirect fluorescent lighting

Furnishings and Equipment

1- 30 inch high, 4' x 6' study table and 4 ergonomic chairs in each roomConsider staff operable shades to supervise activity when necessaryDoors with key locks on the exterior of each room controlled by the staff1 paper-recycling container for each room

Seats 16 table seats

Proximity Reference Desk Distance

Books Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 17February 2009Revised July 2009

Area 3: Youth Services

Youth Services Desk

Size (square feet) 200 Date February 2009

Activities The principal activities will be reference, readers' advisory, and program registration.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 1-10 Staff: 2 Daily Uses: 100+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Low desk (29" high), easy for children to reach and two staff workstations for reference and reader’s advisory. Staff should have the capability to sight supervise various sections of the Library from this location, especially the computer based services area. New and special (seasonal) book displays will be adjacent to the service desk, utilizing colorful displays, current hot topics & assignments, and face-out shelving for new items. Non-glare lighting for staff computers is important. Area near the desk should be sufficiently large to permit queuing for short periods; i.e. program registration, class visits, etc. while providing space for regular uses.

Furnishings and Equipment

ADA compliant, ergonomically correct desk with file drawers, cash register, two telephones and two ergonomic chairsShelves for ready reference and staff "preview" materials. Waste baskets and recycling bin under the counter. Wall clock near entryArea for 2-3 book carts or sorting shelves2 large bulletin boards2 ergonomic workstations with full PAC, LAN, Internet access and MS Office applications softwareShared laser printer

Proximity Entry to Children's Room, Distance Adult Referenceand Children's Staff Office

Books 50+ ready reference materials Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 18February 2009Revised July 2009

Children's Reference, Study and Magazines

Size (square feet) 800 Date February 2009

Activities Homework help, reference services, electronic database searching, using educational software.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 10+ Staff: 1-2 Daily Uses: 50+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

42” high shelving for reference materials. Face out book displays for new Reference Books and tackable wall surfaces for displays, exhibits, signs and notices. The combination of quiet study with electronic workstation use will require acoustic dampening throughout. Exposed walls should have tackable, self-healing fabric covering for art displays and posters.

Furnishings and Equipment

Low shelving for 500 reference materialsClockPhotocopier8 electronic workstations with OPAC on 24” high tables 4 multimedia electronic workstations in collaborative carrels with two seats eachCoat hooks/ bins for book bags and backpacksWastebasket, recycling bin4 4' X 6' study tables with four chairs eachSloping display racks for Children’s magazines with storage underneath for back issues

Seating: 28

Proximity Children's Services Distance Storytime and Crafts Desk

Books 1,000 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 19February 2009Revised July 2009


Size (square feet) 160 Date February 2009

Activities Individual reading and parents/caregivers reading to their children. Nursery school visits.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 20+ Staff: 1-2 Daily Uses: 100+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

There is ample open space between the stacks and furniture for strollers and baby carriages. Attractive displays and privacy "nooks" easily monitored by the staff are created by thoughtful layout design. Colorful, padded carpeting adds acoustical dampening effect and provides charm and a measure of safety from falls by toddlers and infants. All furniture, book stacks, and furnishings must have rounded corners. Windows with exterior views and manually controlled shades would be desirable.

Furnishings and EquipmentFish tank with private maintenance service (optional)3 large "love seat" lounge chairs for two persons eachRocking chairs

Proximity Children's Services Distance Adult Services Desk

Books 200 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 20February 2009Revised July 2009

Picture Books and Easy Readers

Size (square feet) 1,650 Date February 2009

Activities Browsing by children, generally preschool through second grade, and adults. Individual reading and parents/caregivers reading to their children. Nursery school visits. Playing with toys, puzzles, puppets in an assigned area away from high traffic areas.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 50+ Staff: 1-2 Daily Uses: 300+

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Easy readers are separated from the picture book collections by low shelving and book bins. A “parking area” for strollers and baby carriages should be provided. Attractive displays and privacy "nooks" easily monitored by the staff are created by thoughtful layout design. Comfortable seating in a variety of different designs and sizes is provided. Colorful, padded carpeting adds acoustical dampening effect and provides charm and a measure of safety from falls by toddlers and infants. All furniture, book stacks, and furnishings must have rounded corners. Perimeter walls should have tackable, self-healing fabric covering for art displays and posters.

Furnishings and Equipment2 stand up public access catalog workstations3 "stimulus" shelters6 various "animal" plush floor seats12 "creature" cushions4 small round tables with 4 chairs each; 2 tables @ 10" height, 2 @ 12" height 16 table chairs2 lounge chairsToys, puzzles, and puppets arranged on bottom shelf of low bookstacksPicture books arranged by author in colorful, short book bins4 shelves with two-foot long wire for hanging “book kits”Large bulletin board1 slanted table with six chairs for puzzles1 fold up, moveable creative play "theater"Dollhouse

Seats 30

Proximity Children's Service Distance Young AdultDesk, Story and Crafts area

Books 7,500 Non-Book Materials 200 various puppets, toys, puzzles, etc

Library Development Solutions 21February 2009Revised July 2009

Children's Non-fiction/Fiction Book Stacks

Size (square feet) 4740 Date February 2009

Activities Browsing by children of all ages, parents, caregivers, and educators.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 30+ Staff: 1-4+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Low-level book stacks and display racks for new materials. Acoustic dampening throughout. Anti-glare lighting fixtures should be arranged parallel to the book stacks. Proper signage will direct users to separate sections of the collections. “Club” type seating dispersed throughout the area for reader comfort and ambiance. Book deposit area for items used in-house, in order to discourage re-shelving by patrons. Perimeter walls should have tackable, self-healing fabric covering for art displays and posters.

Furnishings and Equipment

Adjustable and variable height shelving for fiction, non-fiction, biography, science fiction and mystery collections. 48” tall book stacks with “cut outs” for temporary holding materials.Ranges to be spaced 72" on centers. This will leave a 50" wide aisle if 9" shelving is installed. Book stops and bookends for each shelf must be provided, as well as end panels for each book stack range.5 “End Panel” Public access catalog workstations8 Comfortable reader’s chairs

Proximity Children's Services Distance Adult Browsing Desk

Books 45,000 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 22February 2009Revised July 2009

Storytime and Crafts

Size (square feet) 600 Date February 2009

Activities Story hours, children's craft activities, small meeting space, theatrical performances, film viewing.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 30+ Staff: 1-2+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Cheerful and uncluttered. Large open space with comfortable stain resistant carpet. Tile flooring in large closet with sink, counter and ample storage for arts and craft supplies.Adjustable lighting, sound system and ceiling mounted video/computer projector. Wiring for LAN/Internet access. This room can accommodate an audience of 50 with stackable chairs or 70 youngsters on the carpeted floor without chairs. Room should be visually and acoustically separate from the rest of the Children's Room.

Furnishings and EquipmentLarge closet for 50 stackable chairs, 5 5' folding table, puppet theatre and AV equipmentCoat/backpack racks near entranceFlexible, task lighting fixtures; small portable raised stagePlatform with lockable wheelsDual-purpose craft tables and/or small stageCeiling mounted retractable screenAV equipment: self-contained movable cart with sound system, portable microphone and stand, video/computer projector

Proximity Children's Room Distance Adult Browsing Restrooms and water fountain

Books Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 23February 2009Revised July 2009

Children's Office

Size (square feet) 580 Date February 2009

Activities Private consultations, telephone conversations, interviews, program planning, book reviewing, document processing, etc.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: Staff: 4+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Acoustically separate, private office/work area with sight supervision capability via one-way glass to the Children's Services Desk and other Children's Services areas. Manually operable exterior windows with blinds or shutters.

Furnishings and Equipment

Private office area for Department Head5 workstations and ergonomic chairsTelephone, wastebasket and recycling basket for each workstationFlat bed scanner10 linear feet of wall mounted shelves for each workstation2 guest chairs Wall clock2, two drawer lateral files for each workstation1 large vertical file drawer for each workstationSpace for at least two book trucks at each desk30” high work counter100 linear feet of book shelves for professional collectionCoat closet with lock, mirrorSupply storage cabinet

Proximity Children's Services Desk Distance

Books 500 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 24February 2009Revised July 2009

Children's Storage

Size (square feet) 200 Date February 2009

Activities Large storage area for Children's program materials.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: Staff: 1-2+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Large work counter and ample storage for arts and craft supplies. Materials can be stored in a variety of pull out bins, hanging pegboards, etc. Large flat file drawers for posters are required. Standard book shelving for seasonal and holiday items and bin storage for seasonal display & craft items. Extra tape, scissors, paper, glue, ribbon, yarn, etc. will be kept here.

Furnishings and Equipment

Variety of shelving, file cabinets, and large work counterTelephoneWastebasket Recycling binStory hour kits: flannel boards, puppets, etc.

Proximity Story and Crafts Distance Adult Browsing Children's Staff Work

Books 1,000 (seasonal) Non-Book Materials

Books Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 25February 2009Revised July 2009

Teen Area

Size (square feet) 950 Date February 2009

Activities This area is used by Young Adults (grades 6 and up) for leisure reading and browsing, as well as quiet study, both individually and in small groups.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 5-15 Staff: 1 Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Area should be visible from the Reference or Youth Services Desk but physically and acoustically separate. This area should make young adults feel welcome and at ease to encourage them to use the collections and services. There will be two sections; one for browsing and leisure reading/listening/viewing, the other section for small group study in the Homework Help Center.

Furnishings and Equipment

Flexible, moveable display systems for popular books, magazines, face out displays for paperbacks 6 electronic workstations and ergonomic chairs6 lounge chairs 2 4'x6' tables with 4 chairs each in Study areaLarge bulletin boardLiterature and magazine display racksOverhead lighting in study area, task lighting in browsing sectionListening stations for CDsFlat screen TV

Seats 18

Proximity Reference Desk Distance Children's Area

Books 5,000 Non-Book Materials 300 audio books 20 magazine titles

200 CDs

Library Development Solutions 26February 2009Revised July 2009

Area 4: Outreach and Support Services

Community Program Room

Size (square feet) 1,750 Date February 2009

Activities A variety of library and community programs: special children's events, lectures, author visits, video and film presentations, performing arts, etc. The room can be accessible to outside groups when the library is closed.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 200 Staff: Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Concealable storage for stackable chairs, tables and moveable coat racksAbility to access the room from the building's exterior and access restrooms while maintaining controlled (secure) access to the Library's interiorsLighting on secure dimmers controllable from the podium and rear of the roomLockable storage for AV equipmentPrimary entry will be from the rear of the room, away from the performance space in the frontSmall side room near front performance area as well as cross over space behind the stage is desirableFood service and clean-up capabilityWired for full multimedia capability including CATV reception and productionWide, deep closet for storing an upright piano

Furnishings and Equipment

Ceiling mounted video/film/computer projector and motorized wall screenHigh quality acoustics and amplified sound controls from multiple locations in the room170 stackable chairs and ten, six foot long adjustable height folding tablesLighted, movable podium with remote, room sound and lighting controlsKitchen facilities in separate, adjacent room; sink with gooseneck faucet, counter with fault interrupt electrical receptacles and locked storage, refrigerator, stove, range, microwave, dishwasher, disposal, large garbage can, large recycling bin.The walls of the Program Room should have self-healing, tackable surface fabric and wall spot light fixtures for exhibits and art displaysMoveable risers for performersLow lighting at floor level for people entering/leaving during programsHVAC ControlsPortable stage

Proximity Restrooms, Entry/Lobby Distance Library Office areas Receiving Area

Library Development Solutions 27February 2009Revised July 2009

Conference Room

Size (square feet) 375 Date February 2009

Activities Space for board, community and staff meetings

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 15 Staff: Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - AmbianceSpace that can be used to host smaller meetings. Should include storage for meeting room supplies and an area that can be used for refreshments. Large conference table should be in sections so it can be reconfigured to accommodate small group discussions. Room should also include an AV set-up.

Furnishings and EquipmentCeiling mounted video/film/computer projector and motorized wall screen (optional)Large conference table and ergonomic, adjustable chairsCoat rackTelephone

Proximity Restrooms, Entry/Lobby Distance Library Office areas

Library Development Solutions 28February 2009Revised July 2009

Business Center

Size (square feet) 300 Date February 2009

Activities An area that customers can use for copies, fax, printing, scanning

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 3 Staff: Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - AmbianceSpace that can be used to support a variety of office related functions.

Furnishings and EquipmentHi-speed public copierHi-speed color and black and white laser printersPublic fax machineScannerCounter space for sorting and collating materialStorage space for paper and supplies

Proximity Reference-electronic resource Distance Library Office areas

Library Development Solutions 29February 2009Revised July 2009

Area 5: Administrative/Support AreasAdministrative Staff

Size (square feet) 1,010 Date February 2009

Activities Individual, work areas for the Director, Assistant Director, Administrative Assistant, the Business Manager, and programming and marketing staff. A workstation should also be provided for members of the Board of Trustees, Friends, volunteers and others to use on a shared basis. Controlled access storage for paper, office and computer supplies is needed.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: Staff: 6+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Secure area with six workstations separated by office furniture system. Large work counter with storage for small equipment above and underneath will be a feature of the common area. Very good HVAC, lighting and acoustic design are critical to maximize comfort during prolong periods of focused, concentrated work.

Furnishings and Equipment

PhotocopierPaper shredder6 waste baskets2 large recycling bins6 Workstations, each with a four file drawers with locks6 ergonomic chairs6 telephone handsets1 visitor chair for each workstationLarge, lockable storage closets for office suppliesLarge work counter with project shelving aboveStaff bulletin board FAX machine1 Networked color laser printerFlatbed scannerTypewriterKey cabinetDigital postage machineSafeLockable closet for paper and office supplies

Proximity Director’s & Asst. Director Office Distance Public areas

Books 50 notebooks, loose-leaf binders, Non-Book Materials 100 software, Directories, Dictionaries, etc. 10 Princeton files for Journals

Library Development Solutions 30February 2009Revised July 2009

Director's Office

Size (square feet) 310 Date February 2009

Activities Planning, organizing, and directing Library activities, staff and facilities.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 2+ Staff: 4+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Long periods of prolonged concentration require comfortable and well-supported seating with maximum personal adjustment capability. Natural light must be augmented by task lighting that can be adjusted for intensity, location, and angle to work area. Pleasant interior design and furnishings for individual and small group meetings. A conference area, with full multimedia and LAN/WAN network capability, should be adjacent to but separate from the Director’s Office

Furnishings and Equipment

Two visitor chairsCoat closetCredenza, side filesLarge, exterior, manually operable windows with curtains and/or blindsErgonomic workstation and chairTwo, 2 drawer lateral files under work counterTelephoneFour foot round table with 4 chairs60 linear feet of wall shelving or bookcasesPersonal laser printerWastebasketRecycling basketSmall microwave and coffee maker in Conference area

Proximity Administrative Offices Distance

Books 200 including notebooks Non-Book Materials and manuals

Library Development Solutions 31February 2009Revised July 2009

Assistant Director's Office

Size (square feet) 310 Date February 2009

Activities Planning, organizing, and directing library activities, staff and facilities.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 2+ Staff: 2+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - AmbianceLong periods of prolonged concentration require comfortable and well-supported seating with maximum personal adjustment capability. Natural light must be augmented by task lighting that can be adjusted for intensity, location, and angle to work area. Pleasant interior design and furnishings for individual and small group meetings.

Furnishings and EquipmentTwo visitor chairsCoat closetCredenza, side filesLarge, exterior, manually operable windows with curtains and/or blindsErgonomic workstation and chairTwo, 2 drawer lateral files under work counterTelephoneWall shelving or bookcasesPersonal laser printerWastebasketRecycling basket

Proximity Administrative Offices Distance

Books 200 including notebooks Non-Book Materials and manuals

Staff LoungeLibrary Development Solutions 32February 2009Revised July 2009

Size (square feet) 400 Date February 2009

Activities Staff relaxation, preparation and consumption of meals.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 0 Staff: 10+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Acoustically and physically isolated from public service areas with natural and soft/diffuse lighting, tile floor for ease of maintenance but consider carpet squares.Unisex restroom should be located immediately adjacent to the lounge.

Furnishings and Equipment

Double sink with cabinets above and underneath Full size self-defrosting refrigerator/freezer Four-burner stove with optional self-cleaning convection ovenMicrowave ovenToaster oven 2, 48 inch round tables with 5 chairs eachSofa2 lounge chairsTelephone Large bulletin boardCold spring water and hot water dispenser Dishwasher (optional)30 small lockers for personal itemsLarge coat closet

Proximity Distance Public Service Areas

Technical Services

Library Development Solutions 33February 2009Revised July 2009

Size (square feet) 1,240 Date February 2009

Activities Cataloging and processing all library materials. Receiving and distributing all deliveries.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 0 Staff: 6+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Acoustically and visually separated from public areas of the library with controlled, natural and fully adjustable task lighting. Large flexible space subdivided by moveable office landscaping. Ample electrical outlets at mid wall height for six (6), 29" high electronic workstations on a perimeter wall with cabinets above and knee holes below the work surfaces. A principal feature will be a 36" high counter for standing in the center of the room to serve as a receiving station. Ample ventilation should be provided for the high use of adhesives and other chemicals. The workspace should be adjacent to the loading dock of the Library. Furnishings and Equipment

Large work counter with secured storage for physically processing materialsStaff operable climate and lighting controlsLarge shipping/receiving counterAdjustable height wall shelving for each workstationPrivate office/work area for Department Head, Media and Acquisitions staffSecured storage and separate work area for AV supplies and processing including video/DVD/CD equipment6 ergonomic electronic workstations and chairs with adjustable height monitors and keyboards20 book carts6 telephones Networked laser printer, Typewriter and standLockable storage closet/cabinet for office supplies, book mending tape, packing materials, etc.Bulletin board and 3-5 document trays at each workstationWastebaskets and paper recycling baskets for each workstationVideo inspection machineCD/DVD/Video inspection machine2 wall clocks4 3’X5” work tablesDeep sink with storage for cleaning products

Proximity Service/Delivery Entrance Distance Public Service areas

Books 500 Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 34February 2009Revised July 2009

Network Center/Computer Office

Size (square feet) 460 Date February 2009

Activities Library electronic resources support center: communications equipment room, library automation vendor components, storage area for computer parts and supplies.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 0 Staff: 2+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Three distinctly separate work areas: equipment assembly and repair, automation system operating and monitoring functions, office work. Double doors would allow for easy egress of utility carts and computer equipment in the Network Center. The automation system equipment should be in an area with acoustic dampening and a separate dry process fire suppression system. Adjacent, private office space for the Network Coordinator should be provided.

Furnishings and Equipment

Patch panel equipment and cabinet for LAN and Internet accessServer, monitor, and printer for Library Automation SystemTelephone line switch closet for all library telephonesServer, monitor and printer for Library Web Site and emailFirewall/Proxy ServerRack system for Hubs, Routers and SwitchesExtra large electronic workstation with ergonomic chairLarge workbench with ergonomic stool and lockable storage drawers for tools and accessories with data ports and power outlets along the wall/work surfaceWide conduits for fiber optic and category 5 wiringUPS (uninterruptible power supply) cabinet2 Unix boxes2 telephones WastebasketRecycling binWall clock45 Linear feet of wall mounted bookshelves in work area, 45 LF in office areaElectronic workstation with ergonomic chair in office with a wastebasket, coat rack, Whiteboard, visitor chair and telephone

Proximity Receiving/Custodial Distance Children’s Services

Books 300 Notebooks, Manuals, Non-Book MaterialsSoftware, and back-up tapes

Library Development Solutions 35February 2009Revised July 2009

Receiving Dock/Storage/Custodial

Size (square feet) 600 Date February 2009

Activities Work and storage space for cleaning supplies, tools, and equipment. High use area: delivery of materials, mail, and supplies for the Library.

Occupancy (at one time) Public: 0 Staff: 2+ Daily Uses:

Architectural Features - Ambiance

Extra wide and high doors that can be opened automatically for easy egress of delivery items, furniture, snow blowers, lawnmowers, floor cleaning machines, vacuum cleaners, etc. This area must have secured storage and ventilation for cleaning products, paints, and other potentially hazardous materials. An intercom with video surveillance and remote release locks for deliveries would be a desirable feature.

Furnishings and Equipment

Desk with ergonomic chairTelephoneBulletin boardLarge worktable or counter for shipping/receiving activities4 large storage cabinets with locks and properly labeled for hazardous materialsFire/Carbon Monoxide Detection-Suppression System Monitoring EquipmentAlarm Control panel for Building security system HVAC Monitoring and Control SystemLighting timersExterior irrigation System Controls100 linear feet of steel shelving for temporary storing donated booksMechanical Room equipment: boiler, hot water heater, humidifier, etc.

Proximity Driveway, Staff Parking Area Distance Books Non-Book Materials

Library Development Solutions 36February 2009Revised July 2009

Shared Services: - The Libraries of Fanwood and · Web viewShared Services: Let Libraries Lead the Way A New Joint Library for Fanwood and Scotch Plains Building Program Library Development - [DOC Document] (2024)
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